African CSOs Biodiversity Statements on Climate Change

Nexus between Biodiversity, Climate Change & Livelihood

The world recognizes the need to urgently act to address the climate and biodiversity loss crises concurrently including their impacts and relationships to human development and wellbeing. According to the Biodiversity and The 2030 Agenda For Sustainable Development, climate change is likely to become one of the most significant drivers of biodiversity loss by the end of the century. Current global warming is already affecting species and ecosystems around the world, particularly the most vulnerable ecosystems such as coral reefs, mountains and polar ecosystems (IPBES). On the other hand, aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems such as forests, rangelands, croplands, peatlands and wetlands represent globally significant carbon stores. 


The dependence of Africa’s national and local economies, urban and rural, on natural resources such as biodiversity, water supplies, agricultural and pastoral lands among others for wellbeing and trade, makes the continent even more vulnerable to climate induced impacts. ACBA supports the promotion of adaptation and mitigation initiatives that protect, restore and enhance biodiversity and its contribution to society in a fair and equitable manner.

Human societies and ecosystems do not exist separately. The communities that understand the complexity of managing biodiversity also know how best to sustainably manage biodiversity to deliver ecosystem services. Therefore, ACBA promotes conservation approaches that build from the bottom up, respect human rights, justice and the rights holders and their territories.


Financial flows are currently not addressing the root causes of the biodiversity and climate crises. We need to shift away from a focus on the challenges of the crises as this leads to false solutions such as nature-based solutions (NBS). The root causes of biodiversity loss include land and sea-use change including food productions systems, unsustainable consumption patterns and climate change. The solution to global warming is reducing fossil fuel emissions. By promoting carbon offsetting projects, we delay real emissions reduction by enabling major GHG emitters to continue polluting. A delay in reducing emissions simply increases the global carbon debt exacerbating the impacts of extreme weather events and undermining the resilience of ecosystems and societies and violation of human rights.

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